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History: Author/Date Style


The most recent editions of Turabian's A Manual for Writers is kept at the Reference Desk.


The Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition. Chicago: Chicago University Press, 2003.

Turabian, Kate L. A manual for writers of research papers, theses, and dissertations : Chicago style for students, 7th edition. Chicago: Chicago University Press, 2007.



Single Author

Gutman, Robert W. 1999. Mozart: A cultural biography. New York: Harcourt Brace.

Two Authors

Hock, Randolph, and Gary Price. 2004. The extreme searcher’s Internet handbook: A guide for the serious searcher. Medford: CyberAge Books.

Three or More Authors

Davidson, William, Daniel Sweeney, and Ronald Stampfl. 1988. Retailing management. 6th ed. New York: Wiley.

No Author

Begin citation with title.  For example:

NAICS desk reference: The North American industry classification system desk reference. 2000. Indianapolis: JIST Works.

Chapter in a Book

 Willson, Jr., Robert F. 2005. "William Shakespeare's Theater." In The Greenwood companion to Shakespeare: A comprehensive guide for students, ed. Joseph Rosenblum, 47-64. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press.


For additional examples, see pages 229-247 in the Turabian Manual (2007).

Print Articles


Journal with Continuous Pagination

Graham, Sarah. 2006. Impossible to hold: Women and culture in the 1960s. Journal of American Studies 40:156-159.

Journal with Non-Continuous Pagination

Simmons, Carolyn, and Karen Becker-Olsen. 2006. Achieving marketing objectives through social sponsorships. Journal of Marketing 70, no. 4:154-169.


Reed, Stanley. 2006. Seeing past the war. Business Week, August 21.


Seward, Zachary. 2006. Colleges expand early admissions. Wall Street Journal. December 14. Eastern edition.

 For additional examples, see pages 247-254 in the Turabian Manual (2007). 

Electronic Sources


Article from a library subscription service (database)

Ward, Rosemary. 2006. Background check. Psychology Today (March-April): 34-35. (accessed December 21, 2006

Entire website

Internet weather source. 2006. National Weather Service. (accessed December 21, 2006).

Online article from magazine website

Masters, Coco. 2006. The takeaway diet of 2006. Time, December 17. (accessed January 10, 2007).

For additional examples, see pages 250-254 in the Turabian Manual (2007).

Personal Interviews & Films


Personal Interview

Bush, George W. 2007. Interview. February 10.


E.T. the Extra-Terrestrial. 1982. Directed by Steven Spielberg. Universal Pictures.

Recorded Film

Harry Potter and the Sorcerer’s Stone. 2001. DVD. Directed by Chris Columbus. Warner.

For additional examples, see pages 260-263 and 266 -269 in the Turabian Manual (2007).

Sound Recordings & Musical Compositions


Entire Albums

The Beatles. 1967. Sgt. Pepper’s Lonely Heart Club’s Band. Capitol Records. LP.

Individual Songs

Sinatra, Frank. 1996. Strangers in the night. On My Way: The Best of Frank Sinatra. Warner. Cassette.

Spoken Word Recording

Lee, Harper. 1988. To Kill a Mockingbird. Read by Sally Darling. Recorded Books. Cassette.

Musical Composition

Beethoven, Ludwig van. 1932. Symphony no. 7 in A Major, Op. 92. Boston: Oliver Ditson.

For additional examples, see pages 265-270 in the Turabian Manual (2007).

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