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Introduction to Education: References APA

Books (Print & Online)

Book: General

AuthorLastname, F. N. (Year). Book title. Publisher.
AuthorLastname, F. N. (Year). Book title. http://www.xxxxxxxx
AuthorLastname, F. N. (Year). Book title. http://dx.doi.org/xxxxx

Entire Book: Print Version

Burgess, R. (2019). Rethinking global health: Frameworks of power. Routledge.

Book with editor

Meadows, D. H. (2008). Thinking in systems: A primer (D. Wright, Ed.). Chelsea Green Publishing.

Entire Book: Electronic Version

Youmans, C. (2016). Mahler and Strauss: In dialogue.  Indiana University Press. https://www.jstor.org/stable/j.ctt1ddr66n

Gutman, R. W. (1999). Mozart: A cultural biography. http://dx.doi.org/10.1036/0034586772

Entire Book:
Print Version (Two Authors)

Hock, R., & Price, G. (2004). The extreme searcher’s Internet handbook: A guide for the serious searcher. CyberAge Books.

Entry in Online Reference Work

Graham, G. (2005). Behaviorism. In E. N. Zalta (Ed.), The Stanford encyclopedia of philosophy (Fall 2007 ed.). http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/behaviorism

Entry in Online Reference Work (No Author)

Trebuchet. (2009). In Merriam-Webster online dictionary (11th ed.). http://www.merriam -webster.com/dictionary/trebuchet

Book:
No Author

Begin citation with title. For example:

NAICS Desk Reference: The North American industry classification system desk reference. (2000). JIST Works.

Chapter in a Book

Willson, Jr., R. F. (2005). William Shakespeare's theater. In J. Rosenblum (Ed.), The Greenwood companion to Shakespeare: A comprehensive guide for students (pp. 47-64). Greenwood Press.


For additional examples, see pages See Reference Examples  APA 7 10.2 pp 321-323

Journal Articles (Print & Online)

Journal: General

AuthorLastname, F. I. (Date). Article title. Journal Title, Vol, pages. http://dx.doi.org/xx.xxxxxxxxxx

(Note: Include the digital object identifier (DOI) if one is assigned. If you retrieved the article online and no DOI is available, include the journal's home page URL.)

Journal Article with DOI

Herbst-Damm, K. L., & Kulik, J. A. (2005). Volunteer support, marital status, and the survival times of terminally ill patients. Health Psychology, 24, 225-229. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0278-6133.24.2.225

Journal Article without DOI

Graham, S. (2006). Impossible to hold: Women and culture in the 1960s. Journal of American Studies, 40, 156-159.

Sillick, T. J., & Schutte, N. S. (2006). Emotional intelligence and self-esteem mediate between perceived early parental love and adult happiness. E-Journal of Applied Psychology, 2(2), 38-48. http://ojs.lib.swin.edu.au/index.php/ejap

Journal with Non-Continuous Pagination (each issue begins on page 1)

Simmons, C., & Becker-Olsen, K. (2006). Achieving marketing objectives through social sponsorships. Journal of Marketing, 70(4), 154-169.

Magazine Article

Reed, S. (2006, August 21). Seeing past the war. Business Week, 16(4), 35-36.

Online Magazine Article

Clay, R. (2008, June). Science vs. ideology: Psychologists fight back about the misuse of research. Monitor on Psychology, 39(6).  http://www.apa.org/monitor/

Newspaper Article

Seward, Z. (2006, December 14). Colleges expand early admissions. Wall Street Journal (Eastern ed.), pp. D1-D2.

Online Newspaper Article

Brody, J. E. (2007, December 11). Mental reserves keep brain agile. The New York Times. http://www.nytimes.com

 

For additional examples, see pages See Reference Examples  APA 7 pp 320-352

Audiovisual Media

Entire Albums

The Beatles. (1967). Sgt. Pepper’s Lonely Heart Club’s Band [Record]. United States: Capitol Records.

Individual Songs

Glover, Frank. (2009). One way ticket. On Politico [CD]. n.l.: Owl Studios.

Rerecording by Artist other than Writer

Goodenough, J. B. (1982). Tails and trotters [Recorded by G. Bok, A. Mayo, & E. Trickett]. On And so will we yet [CD]. Sharon, CT: Folk-Legacy Records. (1990)

Spoken Word Recording

Darling, S. (Speaker). (1988). To Kill a Mockingbird (Cassette). United States: Recorded Books.

Musical Score

Beethoven, Ludwig van. (1932). Symphony No. 7 in A Major, Op. 92. Boston: Oliver Ditson.

Podcast

Van Nuys, D. (Producer). (2007, December 19). Shrink rap radio [Audio podcast]. http://www.shrinkrapradio.com/

Motion Picture Spielberg, S. (Director). (1982). E.T. the extra-terrestrial [Motion picture]. United States: Universal Pictures.
Video

Ryan, K. O., & Schrank, L. (Writers). (2008). Body language I: Beyond words [DVD]. Available from http://www.learningseed.com/

Single Episode from Television Series

David, L., & Seinfeld, J. (Writers). (1995). The soup nazi [Television series episode]. In Seinfeld. NBC.

Map Retrieved Online

Lewis County Geographic Information Systems (Cartographer). (2002). Population density, 2000 U.S. Census [Demographic map]. Retrieved from http://www.co.lewis.wa.us/publicworks/maps/Demographics/census-pop-dens_2000.pdf

 

For additional examples, see pages See Reference Examples  APA 7 pp 320-352

Other Online Sources

Online Posting: General

AuthorLastname, F. I. (Year, Month Day). Title of post [Description of form]. http://www.xxxx

Include a retrieved date for online sources that update and change frequently, and would appear before the URL. Retrieved February 20, 2020, from https://wwww (see APA7 Rule 9.16 p 290)

(If only author's screen name is available, use that for the author's name.)

Entire website

It is sufficient to give the website address in the text (in parentheses).

Tweet

APA Education [@APAEducation]. (2020, January 3). Want a sneak peek of some of @APA’s proposed introductory psychology learning outcomes and recommendations? [Tweet]. Twitter. https://twitter.com/APAEducation/status/1213165128784453632

Facebook

National Institute of Mental Health. (2018, November 28) Suicide affects all ages, genders, races, and ethnicities. Check out these 5 Action Steps for Helping Someone in Emotional Pain [Infographic]. Facebook. http://bit.ly/321Qstq

Blog Post

Oracknows. (2019, September 28) Antivaxers on Twitter: Fake news and Twitter bots https://scienceblogs.com/insolence/2017/09/28/antivaxers-on-twitter-fake-news-and-twitter-bots

(Note: "Oracknows" is a screen name, which the author used when posting to this blog.)


For additional examples, see pages See Reference Examples  APA 7 pp 320-352

Performances & Personal Communications

Personal communications may be private letters, memos, non-archived electronic communications, personal interviews, etc. Because they do not provide recoverable data, they are not included in the reference list. The same is true of live performances.

Instead, you should cite these sources in your text with the initial and last name of the communicator and as exact a date as possible.

Samples:

Narrative E.-M. Paradis (personal communication, August 8, 2019)

Parenthetical (T. Nguyen, personal communication, February 24, 2020)

If you are citing a recording or archived copy of the performance or personal communication, these forms are recoverable and should be referenced in your Works Cited list as a video, online forum post, tape recording, etc.

Subject Guide

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Cynthia Childs- Southeastern University
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863.667.5626
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Steelman Library, 1000 Longfellow Blvd. Lakeland, Florida 33801 · 863.667.5089