Overview of Plagiarism
"The purpose of a research paper is to synthesize previous research and scholarship with your ideas on the subject. Therefore, you should feel free to use other persons' words, facts, and thoughts in your research paper, but the material you borrow must not be presented as if it were your own creation."
MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers. 7th Edition. New York: MLA. 55. Print.
MLA Guiding Principles
Discover style changes from the 8th edition.
Powerpoint examples of the MLA formatting style.
The above PowerPoint in PDF formatting for easy printing.
MLA Handbook 9th Edition
MLA style is…
[a system of] common sense guidelines aimed at helping writers at various levels conduct research and provide their audiences with useful information about their sources.
MLA Handbook. Eighth ed., Modern Language Assn., 2016.
- "Cite simple traits shared by most works...
- Remember that there is often more than one correct way to document a source...
- Make your documentation useful to readers" (3-4).
Works Cited Quick Guide
List each element relevant to your source in the order shown on the template.
Omit any element that does not apply.
Zotera for MLA Edition 9
In order to use Zotero most efficiently with MLA 9th Edition, please check the following links to download the appropriate software.
APA Cheat Sheet
Additional Citation Information
Help Finding DOI
If you are citing an article from a scholarly journal and there is no DOI listed, you may click the link below and follow the directions to attempt to find a DOI.
Add http://dx.doi.org/ in front of your DOI and it should become a hotlink to the article you are citing if you have the correct DOI.
Guides to APA Style
Need more help?
AMA Reference Book
Call Number: Course Reserves
Publication Date: 2007-03-15
AMA Blog and Twitter
Get the lastest updates on AMA Style. Follow @AMAManual on Twitter for daily tips and links or check out the blog.
AMA & Zotero Video
American Medical Association Style Example
The AMA style is radically different from APA. The in-text citations are superscript numbers and the References appear in order with the superscript numbers. Example paragraph with in-text citations. Note references don't have hanging indents and are in the order cited, not alphabetical order by authors last name.
Clinical trials are critical to advancing oncology care and their success is dependent on enrollment. In the United States, only 2–4% of newly diagnosed adult cancer patients participate in clinical trials.1 Manual screening for patient eligibility is expensive and inefficient.2 Automated systems to increase accrual to clinical trials are needed.
Clinical research informatics tools may improve the efficiency of identifying patients for clinical trials.3–5
- Lara PN Jr., Higdon R, Lim N, et al. Prospective evaluation of cancer clinical trial accrual patterns: identifying potential barriers to enrollment. J Clin Oncol. 2001;19(6):1728–1733.
- Penberthy LT, Dahman BA, Petkov VI, DeShazo JP. Effort required in eligibility screening for clinical trials. J Oncol Practice. 2012;8(6):365–370.
- Miotto R, Weng C. Case-based reasoning using electronic health records efficiently identifies eligible patients for clinical trials. JAMIA. 2015;22(e1): e141–e150.
- Ni Y, Wright J, Perentesis J, et al. Increasing the efficiency of trial-patient matching: automated clinical trial eligibility pre-screening for pediatric oncology patients. BMC Med Inform Dec Mak. 2015;15:28.
- Seroussi B, Bouaud J. Using OncoDoc as a computer-based eligibility screening system to improve accrual onto breast cancer clinical trials. Artificial Intel Med. 2003;29(1-2):153–167.
Notice the source superscript 3–5 refers to references 3, 4, and 5. Example taken from: Eubank MH, Hyman DM, Kanakamedala AD, Gardos SM, Wills JM, Stetson PD. Automated eligibility screening and monitoring for genotype-driven precision oncology trials. Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association. March 2016. http://jamia.oxfordjournals.org/content/early/2016/03/25/jamia.ocw020.long
Chattanooga University Library PDF Guide
Official AMA site
Example AMA Paper
Adding AMA Styles to Zotero
AMA that comes with Zotero may not match the version used by our professors. AMA with no URL may be the better style to add to your library.
Turabian that comes with Zotero may not be the version used by our professors. Turabian 8th Edition may be a better starting point.
Additional information on Chicago/Turabian style may be found at the websites below. Please be aware that websites may refer to Author-Date or In-Text styles that are used by some colleges/departments, but the notes (usually footnotes) and bibliography styles are used in most situations at Southeastern:
Zotero, Turabian, & Word in 3 Minutes
- Turabian Template (Click to Download Word template)
Created by Glenn Pearl to demonstrate the proper formatting for Turabian. Includes correct page numbers, margins, spacing, etc.
- Turabian Template - Zotero (Click to Download Word template)
Word template that works with Zotero to create Turabian footnotes and bibliography.
- SEU Turabian 9th Guide for Religion Students
Revised by Glenn Pearl.
Need more help?
How to Cite Music Sources
The Western Libraries of the University of Western Ontario have provided an excellent guide for citing music sources in essays and bibliographies.
Citing Government Sources
Style and Form Manual For Graduate Thesis and Project Preparation at Southeastern University
SEU Definition of Plagiarism
Plagiarism occurs when a writer uses someone else’s language, ideas, or other original material without acknowledging its source. Plagiarism includes unattributed use of any source, in any medium, published or unpublished. Work already submitted for a grade in another course may not be resubmitted unless the professor specifically states otherwise.
Examples of Plagiarism
- Quoting or paraphrasing material without attributing it to its source
- Copying segments from the work of others without giving proper credit
- Submitting as original work written entirely by someone else
Tips to Avoid Plagiarism
Some easy steps you can take to make sure you aren't plagiarizing:
- When in doubt, cite!
- Ask a peer or the Writing Center to proof your paper.
- Make sure you are familiar with the citation style for your class.
- Don't copy or paraphrase, hide the original and use your own words.
- Remember, at SEU, plagiarism is a serious offense. See the Academic Integrity Policy below.